Monday, September 28, 2009


  • Formulating a clinical impression from physical assessment of the lungs and thorax is a complex task. It does not lend itself to “simplification”.
  • This chart is not intended to be a comprehensive table of pathophysiology of the lungs and thorax but as a tool to illustrate patterns of pulmonary abnormalities.
  • You may use the nonsense word/acronym I.P.A.P.i.c. to recall the categories of assessment.
  • Pulmonary abnormalities are often considered:
    Obstructive, Restrictive or Mixed Obstructive & Restrictive
    They can also be considered:
    Parenchymal, Extraparenchymal or Mixed
Click on the table below to enlarge.

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